GOMPERZ

GOMPERZ, name of a family widely dispersed throughout Central Europe. In records of the 14th century the old-German form of the name "Gundbert" began appearing as a surname for persons with the name Ephraim or Mordecai. Occurring in variant spellings as Gumpert, Gumpertz, Gomperts, Gumpel, etc., it became associated with a specific family prominent in the late 15th century, in the duchy of Juelich-Cleves, when SOLOMON BEN MORDECAI GUMPEL received the right of residence in Emmerich. His immediate descendants settled in nearby Cleves, Wesel, and Nijmegen; branches of the family were eventually found in England, Amsterdam, Berlin, Frankfurt on the Main, Prague, and the United States (samuel gompers ). david kaufmann , who married into the Budapest branch, traced, in cooperation with Max Freudenthal, the genealogy of the family (see bibliography). Solomon's grandson ELIJAH (d. 1689) founded the family banking business in Wesel (Cleves) which soon became one of the largest in Prussia. His son REUBEN ELIAS assisted in the rapid expansion of business. After moving to Berlin he became the first Jew to serve as a government official in Brandenburg; he subsequently became the chief inspector of taxes payable by the Jews in the duchies of Mark and Cleves (about 1700). He also acted as supplier to the army and to the court, and through these transactions came into contact with all the important Jewish court suppliers of his time, including samuel oppenheimer , leffmann behrends , and behrend lehmann . Falsely accused of the attempted murder of samson wertheimer , he was arrested by order of Frederick I and released a year later after payment of 20,000 talers. Two members of the third generation of Court Jews in this family, MOSES LEVI and ELIJAH, established a banking   gomperz and business house in Berlin at the beginning of the 18th century. In Prussia, members of the Gomperz family served as court purveyors to six rulers in the course of five generations. To Frederick I (1688–1713), the luxury-loving first king of Prussia, they supplied jewels, and to the soldier-king, Frederick William I (1713–1740), "tall fellows" for his guard. At the time of Frederick the Great (1740–1786), they changed their activities to minting. In conjunction with the Court Jew daniel itzig they rented the minting monopoly. In Berlin, AARON ELIAS GOMPERZ, physician, writer, and teacher of Moses Mendelssohn, became celebrated. Members of the Gomperz family also served as Landesrabbiner (Cleves and Silesia) and Oberrabbiner (Ansbach). Many created influential positions for themselves, aided by their family relations with other Court Jews. In Bohemia-Moravia a noteworthy member of the family was SALOMON (SALMAN) EMMERICH (1662–1728), who studied medicine at Leiden and practiced in Metz and Soest before establishing himself in Prague. He was the first Prague Jew to be freed by imperial order from wearing the obligatory neck-frill. His son MOSES SALOMON GOMPERZ (d. 1742) was permitted to practice medicine by Prague University after passing an examination, and was the first Jew to graduate from a German university, in Frankfurt on the Oder, in 1721. The Bruenn (Brno) branch of the Gomperz family was founded by LOEB BEN BENDIT (LEOPOLD BENDIT or BENEDICT) NEUMEGEN, from Nijmegen, Holland. His son PHILLIP GOMPERZ founded a successful bank. Three of his sons became celebrated: theodor gomperz (1832–1912), classical philologist and historian of Greek philosophy; MAX VON GOMPERZ (1822–1913), industrialist, financier, and politician; JULIUS VON GOMPERZ (1823–1909), president of the Jewish community from 1869, who initiated the Moravian communities organization and was active on behalf of the Jewish communities in Parliament. A hereditary title was conferred on him in 1879. Theodor's son HEINRICH GOMPERZ (1873–1942) was also a classical philologist. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Kaufmann and M. Freudenthal, Familie Gompertz (1907); S. Stern, The Court Jew (1950), index; idem, Der   preussische Staat und die Juden (1962), index S.V. Gumperts; H. Schnee, Die Hoffinanz und der moderne Staat, 3 (1955), index; G. Kisch, in: MGWJ, 78 (1934), 350–63; idem, in: HJ, 8 (1946), 169f., 175, 180; A. Shochat, Im Ḥillufei Tekufot (1960), index. (Michael J. Graetz and Henry Wasserman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Gomperz — ist: eine österreichisch jüdische Kaufmanns und Gelehrtenfamilie, siehe Gomperz (Familie) Gomperz ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Caroline von Gomperz Bettelheim (1845−1925), eigentlich Caroline Bettelheim, österreich ungarische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gomperz — Gomperz, Theodor, Philolog, geb. 29. März 1832 in Brünn, studierte seit 1849 in Wien, habilitierte sich 1867 daselbst, wurde 1869 außerordentlicher, 1873 ordentlicher Professor und trat 1901 in den Ruhestand. Zur Entzifferung und Erklärung der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gomperz — Gomperz, Theod., Philolog, geb. 29 März 1832 zu Brünn, 1869 1901 Prof. zu Wien, 1901 Mitglied des Herrenhauses; schrieb: »Herkulanische Studien« (1865 66), »Zu Aristoteles Poëtik« (1888 96), »Griech. Denker, eine Geschichte der antiken… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gomperz — Gomper(t)z, Gompers, Gumperz are surnames.Gomper(t)z may refer to: * Palais Gomperz, Vienna * Benjamin Gompertz (1779–1865), British actuary, mathematician; named the Gompertz curve * Heinrich Gomperz (1873–1942) * Lewis Gompertz (1779–1865),… …   Wikipedia

  • Gomperz — Gọmperz,   1) Heinrich, österreichischer Philosoph, * Wien 18. 1. 1873, ✝ Los Angeles (Calif.) 27. 12. 1942, Sohn von 2); war 1920 34 Professor in Wien, seit 1935 in Los Angeles. Gomperz versuchte im Rahmen seiner Weltanschauungslehre, eine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • GOMPERZ, THEODOR — (1832–1912), Austrian classical philologist and historian of ancient philosophy. He was born in Bruenn, Moravia. From 1873 to 1901 Gomperz was professor of classical philology at the University of Vienna, and in 1882 was elected to the Academy of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gomperz (Familie) — Stadtansicht 1647 (Stich von Matthäus Merian) Die Familie Gomperz, ist eine der ältesten und bedeutendsten jüdischen Familien, welche bereits im 16. Jahrhundert am Niederrhein, in Emmerich am Rhein, nachweisbar war und sich europaweit verzweigt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gomperz, Heinrich — (1873 1942)    Austrian philos opher. Born in Vienna, he was the son of Theodor Gomperz. He studied in Vienna, Freiburg and Berlin. From 1905 he lectured at Vienna, and later became professor of philosophy. In 1935 he went to the US. He wrote… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Gomperz, Theodor — ▪ Austrian philosopher and classical scholar born March 29, 1832, Brünn, Moravia died Aug. 29, 1912, Baden bei Wien, Austria       philosopher and classical scholar, remembered chiefly for his Griechische Denker: eine Geschichte der antiken… …   Universalium

  • Gomperz, Theodor — (1832 1912)    Austrian scholar. Born in Brünn, Moravia, he studied at Vienna, and later became professor there. His works include Griechische Denker …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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